For a very long time at this point, nations in the Horn of Africa have been entangled in interior clashes, line questions and discretionary altercations, making a ton of doubt among the states, which has neglected to disappear notwithstanding the numerous mediations and between reliance among one another.
A boundary debate among Sudan and Ethiopia is as yet alive to date.
Line debates between South Sudan and Sudan over the fate of Abyei, and among Eritrea and Ethiopia over the control of towns, for example, Badme actually continue. Additionally, Kenya and Somalia secured a disagreement about their sea line in the Indian Ocean.
This should prompt political association under the support of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development — which contains Djibouti, where it is settled, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Somalia and Sudan, just as Eritrea, which suspended its investment since 2007.
Igad committed its meeting to taking care of territorial issues, with an emphasis on the circumstance in Ethiopia and the strategic pressures among Kenya and Somalia.
At the point when he was chosen for the workplace, and with an end goal to make Ethiopia’s Horn of Africa monetary force to be reckoned with, Abiy occupied with transport strategy in the area that neglected to yield visualized outcomes since this was not moored on a solid institutional establishment.
On February 20, 2019, Ahmed met Muse Bihi Abdi, head of the breakaway northern Somalia domain of Somaliland, in Addis Ababa to reinforce respective ties, talk about territorial security issues and attempt to reflect in its contest with the focal government in Mogadishu.
Ethiopia’s recharged strategic binds with Eritrea and Somalia made its conventional partners, Sudan and Djibouti, to feel sidelined.