Ethiopia’s Wars Nizar Manek and Jean-Baptiste Gallopin

Ethiopia’s most recent common war is in effect firmly seen by Ethiopia’s neighbors, Sudan and South Sudan, yet additionally – from further abroad – by Egypt. 

On 28 November, Egypt’s leader, Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi, showed up in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, to meet with his partner, Salva Kiir. 

South Sudan has no immediate stake in this gigantic hydropower venture, which could at last permit Addis Ababa to control streams to Sudan and Egypt: the White Nile, which courses through South Sudan, doesn’t meet the Blue Nile until it arrives at Khartoum, almost 400 km downstream. 

Cairo presently has its eyes on another methodology: solidifying relations with Sudan and South Sudan to press Addis. 

Among the soldiers Abiy sent to Tigray were divisions that had been positioned in a non-separated zone of Sudanese land west of the pioneer outskirts among Sudan and Ethiopia, developed by Ethiopian ranchers. 

Sisi’s visit to South Sudan in November flagged an extension, including riverbed digging and downpour reap dams, constructed and financed by Cairo. 

Bypassing the Sudd wetlands in South Sudan – with possibly disastrous natural outcomes – it would convey more water downstream to Egypt and Sudan. 

Numerous in Egypt consider this to be a potential answer for water rights debates, yet it’s unsatisfactory to many individuals in South Sudan. 

Lately, Abiy has looked to appease Kiir, scrutinizing Ethiopia’s past intercession endeavors in South Sudan’s respectful war, which Kiir saw as preferring his rivals. 

In any case, there’s an old propensity in the area of supporting agitators in neighboring states, and if Kiir somehow happened to adjust himself too intimately with Cairo, Abiy may hope to destabilize South Sudan by seeking Kiir’s adversaries.

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